cu 高职需要“一专多能型”教帰V郑州城市职业学院-评估办公定/title> <meta content="" name="keywords"> <meta content="" name="description"> <link href="/Template/pinggu/images/jigou.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> <link href="/Template/pinggu/images/jigou280.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> </head> <body> <div class="banner"></div> <div class="navs"> <div class="snavs_in"> <div class="snavs_b"> <ul> <li class="li"><a href="">学院首页</a></li> <li><a href="/pgw/"><span>本站首页</span></a></li><div style='display:none'><q id='lg8vr'><p id='lg8vr'><optgroup id='lg8vr'></optgroup></p></q><form id='lg8vr'></form><ol id='lg8vr'><th id='lg8vr'><legend id='lg8vr'></legend></th><bdo id='lg8vr'><optgroup id='lg8vr'></optgroup></bdo></ol><dl id='lg8vr'><tt id='lg8vr'><tr id='lg8vr'></tr></tt><address id='lg8vr'><th id='lg8vr'></th></address></dl><style id='lg8vr'><dt id='lg8vr'></dt><dir id='lg8vr'></dir></style><dd id='lg8vr'></dd><dl id='lg8vr'><sup id='lg8vr'></sup></dl><table id='lg8vr'><p id='lg8vr'><optgroup 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href="/pgw/pjjb/"><span>评建简L/span></a></li> <li><a href="/pgw/pgzyj/"><span>高职研究</span></a></li> <li><a href="/pgw/tszs/"><span>他仙之石</span></a></li> <li><a href="/pgw/pwjxz/"><span>文件下载</span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="main"> <div class="hd"><h3>高职研究</h3></div> <div class="bd"> <div class="page-m"> <div class="r_page_content"> <!--文章标题--> <h1>高职需要“一专多能型”教師@/h1> <div class="info">发布时间?017幭5朞8日 点击数:<span id="hits"> <script language="JavaScript" type="text/JavaScript" src="/Common/GetHits.aspx?id=1846"></script> </span></div> <!--正文内容--> <div class="content" id="artiContent"> <div class="c_content_overflow" id="fontzoom"> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">近年来,关于大学学术与教**/font>“两张|rdquo;的争议颇多。不但普通本科高校(尤其是名校)莫衷一是,以培养技能人才为己任的高职院校亦复如此。作为高职院校,培养高质量的技能人才既要有适当的理论教育,更要有校企一体化的专业实践。此外,教师还要通过高水平的应用型研究和一定的发明创造等创新性活动,不断提高自身的学术能力,并引导学生从“知其rdquo;吸ldquo;知其所以然”转变G/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">事实上,在高职院校内部,学术研究与教学也明显存在强弱分野、泾渭分明的现象。学术当阳称尊,成为教师名利双收的直接载体,教学则逐步边缘化G/font></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">将两者对立起来本身就陷入认识误区,而受害最深者则是广大莘莘学子。学术研究与教学本来就是一体两面,既不应该也不可能针尖对麦芒。要想提高教育教学质量,任何教师都必须进行形式多样的学术研究。美国著名教育学家博耶认为,学术可分为四类:发现的学术、综合的学术、应用的学术、教学的学术。每个大学教师都需要结合自己的教学进行学术研究。当然,不同类型的学校应有所偏重,甚臔/font>“有所为,有所不为”。高职院校应该将“教学的学48rdquo;为ldquo;应用的学48rdquo;有机结合,并将两者融为一体,巧妙地渗透于技能人才培养的各个环节,直接或间接让学生受益G/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">一流的高职院校、一流的职业教育专业必须首先有一流的教学,一流教学的本身就蕴藏着深厚的学术思想和娴熟的专业技能。舍此,不过是人云亦云,既不L/font>“是什rdquo;,更不知“为什rdquo;。如irldquo;以其昏昏”,何仡ldquo;使人昭昭”?这样的教师永远不可能成为高水平的职业教育专家,最多是止步人ldquo;舌耾rdquo;的教书匠,其区别只在于教龄长短而已。他们容易成为知识的“传声rdquo;##ldquo;摄影rdquo;,而非点燃学生思想火花、创新激情的“太阳”G/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">在高等职业教育中4/font>“教学的学48rdquo;为ldquo;应用的学48rdquo;有着天然的内在联系,后者着重进行科技成果转化,同时,“应用的学48rdquo;还是一种重要的,更具显示度的学术形态。一旦水平低下,那么,再好的理论都无法变成高质量的产品,亦无助于提高技能人才的培养质量G/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">因此,任何高职院校的教师要想迈上卓越、成为学生景仰的名师,需要高度重觘/font>“教学的学48rdquo;##ldquo;应用的学48rdquo;之间的有机联系,了解本课程体系所涉主要内容的发展轨迹和科学前沿,并掌握学生学习动态、心理状况,采用最优、最适合的教学方法,提高教学质量。特别是对于少数个性较强、特点鲜明的学生,更要因材施教、扬其所长。须知,随着立体传媒的影响日益广泛和深远##ldquo;秀才不出门,熟知天下事”,学生获得一般知识的途径越来越多,知识储备日益厚实,传统教育中的“一桶水”理论##ldquo;君子动口不动扥urdquo;的教学方式已经远远不能满足高职院校学生的渴求。在这种“新常qrdquo;下,教师只有更多付出、更加深入地开展探索式、研究型教学,才能奉献高质量的教学〫Aldquo;名师出高rdquo;,学养贫乏、教学手段单一、方法僵化的教师要想赢得学生的尊重和钦佩难乎其难,他们又如何有能力培养高水平的技能人才?</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">所以,按照博耶的学术分类,高职院校既要确俚/font>“教学的学48rdquo;作为全部工作的中心,也需要高度重角ldquo;应用的学48rdquo;,高水平教师应成为将二者无缝对接、有机融合,集理论探索与专业实践于一身的“一专多能型”人才G/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">(作者胡解旺,系广东省嘉应学院教育科学与发展规划研究所所长、教授)</font></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><!--EndFragment--></p> </div> </div> <!--分页--> <div id="page1"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 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